Author(s): Dorothy Cooper; Aisling Underwood Date Authored: January 01, 1996 Date final Reviewed: June 16, 2010

Dorothy Cooper authored the version that is first of article in 1996. In 2010, Aisling Underwood contributed substantial updates, and included brand brand brand new parts: Family and Kinship construction; Infancy, Childhood and Socialization; Adolescence, Adulthood and senior years; Drinks, Drugs and Indulgences; vacations; Death; Chronic infection, psychological state, HIV/AIDS; and Further Reading.


Eritrea can be an eastern country that is african into the Horn of Africa. It really is concerning the measurements of their state of Mississippi, roughly 120,000 square kilometers. Eritrea borders Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, as well as the Red Sea. The location is dominated by way of a highland that is south-central an normal level of 2,100 meters. The southern area has extinct volcanoes and industries of broken lava. The western is especially streams and fertile plains. The eastern, bordering the Red Sea, is a strip that is narrow of scrubland and wilderness. Eritrea’s location that is coastal always been essential in its history and culture—a fact mirrored in its title, that will be an Italianized form of Mare Erythraeum, Latin for “Red Sea.”

History and Politics

Eritrea’s history dates back towards the times of the Pharaohs in Egypt, if they carried out trade using the chiefs of this Red water coasts. The location had been occupied not merely by Egypt, but in addition because of the Turkey and Italy. Italy destroyed the colony towards the British in 1941 and after World War II, the un made Eritrea an autonomous area of ethiopia.

In 1961, the war that is eritrean independency started. The following 12 months, under Emperor Haile Selassie, Eritrea had been annexed and not just had been its anastasiadate scam banner discarded, nevertheless the everyone was obligated to talk Amharic, the state language of Ethiopia. The armed fight proceeded until 1991 whenever Eritrea surely could gain its liberty. Through the thirty many years of fighting, the national nation was at a situation of civil war.

As Eritreans had been fighting for his or her freedom, their nation had been devastated. The countryside was at ruins and many Eritreans left to flee the intense combat. Various went first to refugee camps in neighboring nations such as for example Sudan and Zaire (now the Republic of Congo). Health issues within the refugee camps had been terrible and many suffered from disease and hunger. Some eritreans went to countries such as Germany, Sweden, Italy, the United States, and Canada from the refugee camps. The United States is their second, third, or even fourth home for many Eritreans in Seattle.

There are 2, and much more recently three, primary waves of Eritrean refugees: those through the 1980s and 1990s and recent immigrants escaping mandatory service that is national can continue indefinitely. Latest immigrants are young men since it is easier to allow them to actually keep the united states. Many come illegally over the Mexico edge, searching for asylum right right here. Some originate from Egypt, Malta, and Ethiopia through resettlement programs as refugees.

Cultural Orientation Resource (COR) Center reports in December 2010: “The united states of america is currently along the way of resettling around 6,500 Eritrean refugees from the Shimelba Refugee Camp in north Ethiopia. The refugees are typically Tigrinya that is ethnic and whom cannot properly go back to Eritrea or settle forever in Ethiopia. Those accepted for U.S. resettlement are joining a combined band of 700 Kunama refugees from Shimelba who had been resettled in the United States in 2007.”

See COR’s Refugee Backgrounders concerning the latest revolution of Eritrean refugees: Eritrean Refugees through the Shimelba Refugee Camp (December 2010)


The conventional language for over fifty percent the people of Eritrea, now the state language of Eritrea, is Tigrinya (also spelled Tigrigna). Eritreans avove the age of 50 could also talk Arabic, Amharic, and Italian, since they lived throughout the Italian and Ethiopian vocations. A written report on the site Ethnologue, lists 12 specific languages talked in Eritrea, and includes English and Standard Arabic as nationwide or formal languages, along side Tigrinya.

Eritreans strongly believe Eritreans comprehend each other and choose to not ever be equated with Ethiopians, despite the fact that some Ethiopians talk Tigrinya. Nevertheless, considering that the end regarding the occupation that is ethiopian there was as strong a choice for the strictly Eritrean interpreter within the healthcare environment. With reducing tensions involving the Ethiopian and Eritrean populace, an Ethiopian interpreter whom talks Tigrinya is a satisfactory selection for non-English speakers.

Many Eritreans underneath the chronilogical age of 50 will likely talk some English, since it is now being trained in Eritrean schools. Some present immigrants talk English quite nicely.

Even though some Eritreans talk English well, medical terminology is almost certainly not comprehended or perhaps directly translatable. Consequently, it is critical to make use of an interpreter whenever describing technical medical information.

Interpersonal Relationships

Names, Naming

Usually, kids get their names whenever baptized. They get both confirmed title and a Christian title, that will be applied to spiritual occasions. The Christian title is normally produced by the Saint’s on which the child is born day. Young ones, both male and female, receive their father’s very first title as their surname and certainly will keep this title in their life.


Expressions of Courtesy in Nine Languages: an instrument for Medical services This language learning device features videos of indigenous speakers saying phrases of courtesy in nine languages, including Amharic and Tigrinya. Expressions of greeting, introduction, acknowledgment, departure as well as for crisis circumstances in a medical environment may be played at an ordinary rate as well as a learning speed. The purpose of this device is always to supply a jumping-off point for developing rapport within the interpreted wellness encounter. View Amharic videos | View Tigrinya videos.

Marriage, Family, Kinship

Gender Roles

Usually, girls are taught to execute home tasks, however with family members functions changing because of immigration, the males within the grouped household additionally help you with housecleaning and dishwashing. As both partners start to work more outside of the true house, home duties tend to be more usually provided by women and men.

Family and Kinship Structure

Eritrean immigrants generally speaking choose that kids date and marry other Eritreans, that they will better understand each other’s culture because they feel. As time goes by there is certainly more inter-cultural dating, although this will be nevertheless generally speaking frustrated.

Extended Families

Eritreans assist the other person and many deliver cash back to household members in Eritrea.

Typically, Eritreans care for elder loved ones in the home and regard this as a duty that is important. This value that is cultural embraced by younger Eritrean refugees, though many have not yet needed seriously to take care of elders. This more youthful generation will probably find it challenging to care for elders in the home because of the dependence on both women and men to exert effort. Whilst the Eritrean community many years, there was debate concerning the significance of A eritrean your retirement house. The city seems highly that the center where Tigrinya is talked is vital to caring well for elders.